LMS Fowler Class 5XP "Patriot" - Gateway to the LMS

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Fowler Class 5XP/6P "Patriot"
LMS 5XP Patriot Class no, Un-rebuilt Patriot No. 45506 The Royal Pioneer Corps
Un-rebuilt "Patriot" No. 45506 "The Royal Pioneer Corps" at Crewe North  (Photo courtesy of Colin Williams)

Technical Data

Introduced : 1930
No. Built : 52+1 built in preservation
Wheel arrangement : 4-6-0
The Patriot class was an attempt to improve the  ex-LNWR "Claughton" locomotives, and was officially a hybrid of the Claughton and the Royal Scot class, theoretically taking the boiler from the former and the chassis from the latter.  Initially two Claughtons were rebuilt, although by the time these "rebuilds" were completed, only a few sundry Claughton components  were used.   Testing showed the Patriots to be superior to the Claughtons and as a result 40 more "rebuilds" were ordered  (although they were effectively new locomotives), followed by a final batch of 10, which the LMS finally recognised as new locomotives.

The class acquired the unofficial name "Baby Scots", which didn't really meet with official approval.  However it was suggested that the name "Patriot" could be transferred from the LNWR War Memorial locomotive which was  due for scrapping and the prototype locomotive was duly christened as such.

The main batch of 40 locomotives were under construction when  William Stanier took over as CME in 1932.   Despite having his own 5XP "Jubilee" class locomotive under construction, he permitted the continued construction of the Patriots, although he did have some modifications made to the design.  

In 1945, 18 members of the class were rebuilt with new boilers (the same as  those fitted to the rebuilt "Royal Scot" class), which brought their power classification up to 6P.   The class was withdrawn between 1961 and 1966, with  none of the original locomotives surviving into preservation.
Original Number1934 numberOriginal NameFinal Name (Date Applied)BuiltWorks
59715500CroxtethPatriot (1937)1930Derby
59025501Sir Frank ReeSt Dunstan's (1937)1930Derby
59595502 Royal Naval Division (1937)1932Crewe
59855503The Leicestershire RegimentThe Royal Leicestershire Regiment (1948)1932Crewe
59875504 Royal Signals (1937)1932Crewe
59495505 The Royal Army Ordnance Corps (1947)1932Crewe
59745506 The Royal Pioneer Corps (1948)1932Crewe
59365507 The Royal Tank Corps (1937)1932Crewe
60105508  1932Crewe
60055509 Derbyshire Yeomanry (1951)1932Crewe
60125510  1932Crewe
59425511 Isle of Man (1937)1932Crewe
59665512 Bunsen1932Crewe
59585513  1932Crewe
59835514 Holyhead (1938)1932Crewe
59925515 Caernarvon (1939)1932Crewe
59825516 The Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment (1938)1932Crewe
59525517  1933Crewe
60065518 Bradshaw (1938)1933Crewe
60085519 Lady Godiva1933Crewe
59545520 Llandudno (1937)1933Crewe
59335521 Rhyl (1937)1933Crewe
59735522 Prestatyn (1939)1933Crewe
60265523  Bangor (1938)1933Crewe
59075524Sir Frederick HarrisonBlackpool (1937)1933Crewe
59165525E. Tootal BroadhurstColwyn Bay (1937)1933Crewe
59635526 Morecambe and Heysham (1937)1933Crewe
59445527 Southport (1937)1933Crewe
59965528 REME (1960)1933Crewe
59265529Sir Herbert Walker K.C.BStephenson (1949)1933Crewe
60225530 Sir Frank Ree (1937)1933Crewe
60275531 Sir Frederick Harrison (1937)1933Crewe
60115532 Illustrious 1933Crewe
59055533 Lord Rathmore1933Crewe
59355534 E. Tootal Broadhurst (1937)1933Crewe
59975535 Sir Herbert Walker K.C.B (1937)1933Crewe
60185536 Private W. Wood V.C. (1935)1933Crewe
60155537 Private E. Sykes V.C.1933Crewe
60005538 Giggleswick (1938)1933Crewe
59255539 E. C. Trench1933Crewe
59015540 Sir Robert Turnball1933Crewe
59035541 Duke of Sutherland1933Crewe
55425542  1934Crewe
55435543 Home Guard (1940)1934Crewe
55445544  1934Crewe
55455545 Planet (1948)1934Crewe
55465546 Fleetwood (1938)1934Crewe
55475547  1934Crewe
55485548 Lytham St Annes (1937)1934Crewe
55495549  1934Crewe
55505550  1934Crewe
55515551  1934Crewe
Preservation (Resurrection!)
As previously stated, none of the class originally survived into preservation.   However, one has been constructed by the LMS-Patriot Society and is expected to become operational by 2020.
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